Pau Casals



Pau Casals is born on 29th December at Carrer de Santa Anna, no. 2, in El Vendrell.
On 27th April he gives his first musical performance in the choir of the church of El Vendrell.

His father, Carles Casals Riba, begins to give him music and piano lessons
Casals collaborates with his father on the composition of a score for a version of the "Pastorets", a traditional Catalan Nativity play, entitled “Los Pastorcillos en Belén” (The Little Shepherds in Bethlehem).
His father and the barber Peret make Casals a "carabasseta" or gourd-fiddle, considered his first stringed instrument.
Casals begins to play the organ of the church of El Vendrell
A chamber music trio, with Josep Garcia at the cello, plays at the Catholic Centre of El Vendrell. This is the first time that Pau Casals sees and hears a cello.
At the end of the summer, Casals travels to Barcelona with his mother and begins his studies at the Municipal Music School.
Pau's father, Carles Casals, purchases a 3/4 cello for him
Casals begin to play at Barcelona's Cafè Tost, three hours each night, seven days a week, for 4 pesetas.
He is introduced into Barcelona's musical and cultural spheres by Mr. Tost, the proprietor of Cafè Tost.
Casals discovers Johann Sebastian Bach's Six Suites at Carrer Ample in Barcelona.
His father, Carles Casals, purchases a full-size cello for him.
On 23rd February, Casals takes part in a benefit concert for the comic actress Concepció Palà at Barcelona's Teatro Novedades.
He meets the musical trio formed by Isaac Albéniz, Enrique Fernández Arbós and Agustín Rubio.
Isaac Albéniz writes a letter of recommendation for Pau Casals to the Count de Morphy, secretary of the Queen regent of Spain, Maria Christina.

Casals starts to work at La Pajarera, a café at Barcelona's Plaça de Catalunya, where he plays every night, forming a trio with Ibarguren and Armengol.
During this year he meets the composer Enric Granados, with whom he establishes a lasting friendship.
In the spring Casals graduates with honours from the Municipal Music School of Barcelona.

He travels to Madrid with his mother and brothers. Queen Maria Christina awards him a grant for a monthly sum of 250 pesetas.
Casals starts his second stage of musical training in Madrid, beginning classes at the Conservatory of Music and Declamation, under Jesús de Monasterio as professor of chamber music.
On 14th February, Casals is named Knight of the Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic.
He travels to Brussels, with a letter of recommendation to François Gevaërt, director of the Conservatory of Music there. After taking the admission tests under Edouard Jacobs, Pau Casals decides not to attend the conservatory and travels to Paris.
Queen Maria Christina withdraws Casals' grant.
After a time of hardship in Paris, Casals decides to return to Barcelona

Foundation Pau Casals

Avinguda Palfuriana, 67
43880 Sant Salvador, El Vendrell

Museum: +34 977 684 276
Foundation: +34 933 192 021

Fax. +34 977 684 783

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