Pau Casals

Biography

Chronology

1896
In May he becomes a professor at the Municipal Music School of Barcelona and in November he is appointed cello professor at the Conservatory of the Liceu.
Casals begins to give concerts in small musical societies such as the Athenaeums of Barcelona and Gràcia, respectively.
He becomes a cellist of the Orchestra of the Gran Teatre del Liceu.
In Barcelona he comes into contact with Isaac Albéniz, Agustín Rubio, Enrique Fernández Arbós, Enric Granados and Saint-Saëns.
1897
Formation of the Quartet Crickboom with Pau Casals as cellist, Mathieu Crickboom and Josep Rocabruna as violinists and Rafael Gálvez at the viola.
Casals makes a tour of Spain with Enric Granados and Mathieu Crickboom.
Queen Maria Christina gives him a blue sapphire and a new cello, a Gagliano
1899
Pau Casals travels to Paris and accommodates himself at the home of the U.S. singer Emma Nevada and her husband, Raymond Palmer.
In May he travels to London with Emma Nevada and the pianist Léon Moreau.
On 20th May, Casals makes his London debut at the Crystal Palace with Lalo's “Concerto in D minor” and on 20th August he gives a private concert for Queen Victoria of England at the Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.
Casals returns to Paris, where he debuts with the great French conductor Charles Lamoureux:
- On 12th November, at the Théatre de la République in Paris, he gives his first performance as a soloist, playing Lalo's cello concerto.
- On 17th December he makes his second appearance with the Orchestre Lamoureux, playing Saint-Saëns' Concerto.
1900
Casals settles in Paris and begins his great career as a soloist.
He starts to introduce himself into the social, musical and cultural network of turn-of-the-century Paris.

Pau Casals and the pianist Harold Bauer begin to perform together at the beginning of the summer. They give concerts in San Sebastián and at the Teatro de la Comedia in Madrid, among other places.
1901
In November, aboard the Saint Paul, Casals travels to the United States for the first time in order to make a tour with the singer Emma Nevada, the pianist Léon Moreau and the flautist Daniel Marquarre.
On his stay in San Francisco, Casals injures his left hand on an outing to Mount Tamalpais, obliging him to abandon the tour. In the ensuing months he is accommodated in the home of Michael Stein, establishing a lasting friendship with Stein's offspring, Gertrude and Leo Stein.
Queen Maria Christina grants Casals the Great Cross of Knighthood of the Royal Order of Charles III.
1903
On 3rd May, Casals begins a tour of South America with Harold Bauer and Moreira de Sá.
1904
Casals makes his second trip to the United States, this time as a soloist.
On 12th January he gives his first performance at New York's New Lyceum Theatre, playing Haydn's Concerto in D minor with the American Symphony Orchestra.
On 15th January, president Theodore Roosevelt invites Casals to play at the White House.
On 9th March, he debuts at New York's Carnegie Hall, performing Richard Strauss's Don Quixote.
Casals returns to Paris at the end of the year and settles at Villa Molitor.

1905
He begins a sentimental relationship with the Portuguese cellist Guilhermina Suggia.
Creation of the Trio Cortot-Thibaud-Casals, formed by Jacques Thibaud as violinist, Alfred Cortot as pianist and Pau Casals as cellist.
In November he makes his first trip to Russia, to perform in a concert on the 18th in Saint Petersburg's Hall of Nobility, establishing his first contacts with Moscow’s musical circles.
1906
On 18th December the Trio Cortot-Thibaud-Casals makes its debut in a concert in Lille. It becomes one of the foremost musical trios of the times..
1908
In the autumn, death of Pau Casals' father, Carles Casals Riba.


Foundation Pau Casals

Avinguda Palfuriana, 67
43880 Sant Salvador, El Vendrell

Museum: +34 977 684 276
Foundation: +34 933 192 021

Fax. +34 977 684 783


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