Pau Casals

Biography

Chronology

1958
The second Casals Festival of Puerto Rico is held in the spring, with the participation of Pau Casals.
On 24th October, Pau Casals is invited by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjöld, to give a concert at the U.N. General Assembly in New York to commemorate United Nations Day. The concert, together with the peace message that Pau Casals had recorded a few days earlier in Geneva, is broadcast by radio to over 40 countries, turning Casals into a symbol of the struggle for world peace.
This year he is nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
1960
In the spring he holds a series of master classes at the Music Department of the University of California at Berkeley.
In July he is invited by his friend the pianist Rudolf Serkin to direct a series of master classes at the Marlboro Summer School of Music, in southern Vermont, U.S.A. This becomes an annual event for him from 1962 to 1973.
On 17th December 1960, he premieres the oratorio “El Pessebre” at the Fuerte de San Diego in Acapulco.
1961
In April he makes a three-week visit to Japan, where he gives a concert with his pupil Takeichiro Hirai.
In September he visits Israel for the first time, to participate as a member of the jury of the 3rd Pau Casals International Cello Competition and to take part in the 3rd Israel Music Festival.
On 13th November he is invited by John Fitzgerald Kennedy to give a concert at the White House.
1962
On 19th April, at the concert of the oratorio “El Pessebre” held at San Francisco's Memorial Opera House, Pau Casals announces his intention to embark on a personal crusade for human dignity, brotherhood and peace.
Over the next ten years, Casals will conduct “El Pessebre” round the world. Indeed, this will be the foremost musical activity of his latter years.
1963
On 24th October, “El Pessebre” is performed at the United Nations headquarters in New York, with the Casals Festival Orchestra and the Cleveland Orchestra Chorus.
The president of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, awards Casals the Medal of Freedom.
1965
On 15th April, Casals conducts “El Pessebre” at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, in Pittsburgh, U.S.A., likewise conducting Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg Concertos during this month.
For the rest of the year he carries on with his customary activity: in May the Casals Festival of Puerto Rico, at the start of summer the Prades Festival, in August the Zermatt Summer Academy, and in the autumn the Marlboro Music School.
1966
In September Pau Casals conducts “El Pessebre” at Sant Miquel de Cuixà.
In December, on the occasion of his 90th birthday, Pau Casals receives numerous public tributes, notably including the one from the Catalans in Molig, where the group Nens del Vendrell forms a “castell” or human tower, and the one in Puerto Rico with a reception at the courtyard of La Fortaleza attended by the vice president of the United States, Hubert Humphrey.
1967
On 21st October, Pau Casals is invited by the United Nations to conduct “El Pessebre” at the Constitution Hall in Washington D.C., to commemorate United Nations Day. After the concert, Pau Casals meets with president Lyndon B. Johnson at the White House.
At the beginning of November, Casals conducts “El Pessebre” in the Central American city of San Salvador.
1971
Casals receives the Grand Cross of the French National Order of Merit.
He composes the Hymn to the United Nations.
On 24th October, he takes part in the United Nations Day Concerts at the headquarters of the U.N. General Assembly in New York. On this occasion, Pau Casals premieres the Hymn to the United Nations, and he is awarded the U.N. Peace Medal by the U.N. Secretary-General, U-Thant.
1972
On 3rd July Pau Casals and his wife Marta create the Pau Casals Foundation for the purpose of bequeathing to Catalonia the splendid legacy kept by the Maestro at the house in Sant Salvador, El Vendrell.


Foundation Pau Casals

Avinguda Palfuriana, 67
43880 Sant Salvador, El Vendrell

Museum: +34 977 684 276
Foundation: +34 933 192 021

Fax. +34 977 684 783


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